Activities Task 22

Fundamental and Applied Hydrogen Storage Materials

Operating Agent: Dr. Bjorn C. Hauback

Term:  2006-2009

http://www.phys.uniroma1.it/DipWeb/HYD/index.html (Website for Task 22 - October 6 - October 10, 2008)

Purpose and Objectives:  The specific goals and objectives for research on hydrogen storage materials in Task 22 are:

  • Develop a reversible or regenerative hydrogen storage medium fulfilling international targets for hydrogen storage.
  • Develop the fundamental and engineering understanding of hydrogen storage by various hydrogen storage media that have the capability of meeting Target A.
  • Develop hydrogen storage materials and systems for use in stationary applications.

Background: 

Hydrogen storage was previously addressed in both IEA HIA Task 12 and Task 17. Task 17, which ended in May 2006, had grown into the largest international co-operation effort on hydrogen ever established. In view of the progress with solid-state H2-storage under Task 12 and 17, as well as other non-IEA programs, the IEA HIA Executive Committee and its experts decided to create Task 22 to further R&D work in this area. Task 22 started 1st December 2006 with duration of 3 years. Fifteen members are participating in Task 22.

Description: A

Task 22 addresses hydrogen storage in solid materials. Hydrogen storage is considered by many to be the greatest technological barrier to widespread introduction and use of hydrogen in global energy systems. Currently, no hydrogen storage system, including pressurized and liquefied hydrogen and hydrogen stored in solid compounds known, satisfies international targets for on-board hydrogen storage in mobile applications. This challenge requires new materials and solutions, and not simple, incremental improvements in current technologies.

The following classes of materials are included:

  • Reversible metal hydrides
  • Regenerative hydrogen storage materials (chemical hydrides)
  • Nanoporous materials
  • Rechargeable organic liquids and solid

In addition, safety aspects of hydrogen storage in solid materials are also covered.

Task 22 is built on a broad spectrum of the following project types:

  • Experimental
  • Engineering
  • Theoretical
  • Modelling

The projects are divided into three categories: hydride (H), Nanoporous (N) and combined Hydride and Nanoporous (HN). A project plan is prepared for each project. At present, Task 22 consists at present of 50 R&D projects lead by project leaders from the participating countries. Most involve international collaboration, which is strongly encouraged. The projects are divided into three categories: Hydride (H), Nanoporous (N) and combined Hydride and Nanoporous (HN). The following is the list of projects approved by the end of 2007.

Progress: 

The Task 22 projects demonstrate continued progress featuring new results and a vigorous international collaboration that is particularly cohesive at the expert level. Significant outcomes include:

  • Promising new complex hydrides including different boron-based compounds
  • New results on several physisorption systems, such as metal-assisted carbon-materials and microporous organic framework compound
  • New results related to AlH3 as a promising hydrogen storage material
  • Simple methods (so-called cold rolling, ECAP, Equal Channel Angular Pressing etc.) for synthesis of Mg-based compounds.
For 2007, Task 22 reported a total of 221 publications in international peer-review journals and 224 presentations in national and international meetings/conferences.  

Read: 
Task 22 Final Report (introduction, summary and list of projects)
 
 

WELCOME TO IEA HIA TASK 22 :"FUNDAMENTAL AND APPLIED HYDROGEN STORAGE MATERIALS DEVELOPMENT"

by erikf — last modified 2010-03-02 14:09
 

Hydrogen storage is considered by many as the most challenging aspect for achieving a hydrogen-based economy. Task 22 addresses hydrogen storage in solid materials.

Task 22 started December 1st 2006. At present there are 53 Experts from 18 countries involved in total 49 projects. The sixth Task 22 meeting was held in Paris , France 11-15 October 2009 with 59 participants. Task 22 will be extended for 3 more years from 1. December 2009.

Hydrogen storage remains as an undisputed problem for hydrogen-fuelled vehicles, and is considered by many to be the most technologically challenging aspect for achieving a hydrogen-based economy. Task 22 addresses hydrogen storage in solid materials. The research efforts will require new materials and solutions, and not simple, incremental improvements in current technologies. The specific goals and objectives for research on hydrogen storage materials in Task 22 are:

  1. Develop a reversible or regenerative hydrogen storage medium fulfilling international targets for hydrogen storage.
  2. Develop the fundamental and engineering understanding of hydrogen storage by various hydrogen storage media that have the capability of meeting Target A.
  3. Develop hydrogen storage materials and systems for use in stationary applications.
     

Korea

 


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