The International Energy Agency (IEA) is an autonomous organization which works to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 28 member countries and beyond. The IEA is within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which was created after World War II to coordinate the Marshall Plan. The OECD's mission was expanded in 1961 to include trans-Atlantic and, later, global reach.
Founded in response to the 1973-74 oil crisis, the IEA’s initial role was to help countries co-ordinate a collective response to major disruptions in oil supply through the release of emergency oil stocks to the markets.
While this continues to be a key aspect of its work, the IEA has evolved and expanded. It is at the heart of global dialogue on energy, providing authoritative statistics, analysis and recommendations.
Today, the IEA’s four main areas of focus are:
Energy security: Promoting diversity, efficiency and flexibility within all energy sectors;
Economic development: Ensuring the stable supply of energy to IEA member countries and promoting free markets to foster economic growth and eliminate energy poverty;
Environmental awareness: Enhancing international knowledge of options for tackling climate change; and
Engagement worldwide: Working closely with non-member countries, especially major producers and consumers, to find solutions to shared energy and environmental concerns.
With a staff of around 220, mainly energy experts and statisticians from its 28 member countries, the IEA conducts a broad program of energy research, data compilation, publications and public dissemination of the latest energy policy analysis and recommendations on good practices
Information source: The IEA Website, http://www.iea.org